ACell to Stem Cell: Latest in Hair Transplant Technologies
Hair transplant technologies are evolving from the traditional strip method to the cutting edge technologies including follicular unit extraction (FUE) assisted by robots. Recently Marco Barusco, the new chairman of the American Society of Hair Restoration Surgery (ASHRS) identified some of the latest and upcoming hair transplant technologies that revolutionize this area of cosmetic surgeries.
Some of the latest and most advanced hair transplant technologies identified by Dr. Barusco include HypoThermosol, ACell, Robotic Surgery, and Stem Cell treatment.
HypoThermosol: HypoThermosol helps hair surgeons preserve the tissues for transplant. Once the hair is extracted from the donor area, it needs to be transplanted immediately. Delay in transplant will cause the cell to die out. To prevent this, traditionally hair surgeons depend on regular saline to preserve the tissue. However, according to Dr. Barusco, HypoThermosol has the best composition to keep the hair tissues live longer. It’s the best way to improve the overall results of hair transplant.
ACell: ACell, also known as Matristem, speeds up wound healing and hair growth. According to New York Hair Loss Web site, ACell attracts Adult Stem Cells to the site of injury and converts them into active progenitor cells. ACell also creates non-crosslinked temporary scaffolding for the tissue reconstruction mimicking the surrounding healthy but damaged tissue. This scaffolding releases growth components such as VEGF as well as necessary materials for remodeling including Collagen IV.
Robotic Surgery: Robotic assisted hair restoration surgery is gaining popularity. The most popular among robot-assisted hair transplant is the ARTAS system. This method helps more effectively isolate follicular unit grafts from the donor area of the scalp without causing damage to individual follicles. However, most other parts of the surgery have to be performed by the physician and team – including the removal of follicular units, preparation of the recipient area and graft placement.
Stem Cell Research: Stem cells are the latest advancements in medical technologies. Stem cells can be used to “clone” hairs. Stem cell technology is especially beneficial to people who were
not candidates of hair transplant earlier because they lacked enough donor hair. Several researches are underway to explore the opportunities of stem cell technology in hair transplant. A recent research has found that bald and haired tissue contains equivalent amounts of preserved stem cells, which give rise to progenitor cells. Bald tissue, however, did not contain the normal amount of progenitor cells, suggesting a malfunction in the normal behavior of hair follicle stem cells. The fact that stem cells themselves are not destroyed but rather are malfunctioning makes the treatment possible, the report said.
Dr. Barusco is a renowned hair transplant surgeon with over 12 years of experience. He also serves as a member of the Board of Trustees of the American Academy of Cosmetic Surgery (AACS), a member of the Board of Directors & Examiner of the American Board of Hair Restoration Surgery (ABHRS), and Chief Section Editor for Hair Restoration of The American Journal of Cosmetic Surgery (AJCS). He is also the founder of Tempus Hair Restoration.